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View Full Version : What does 1/2 ton, 3/4 ton, 1 ton mean?


zz4guy
01-22-2008, 04:13 PM
It seems most trucks can haul more than 1 ton.

My 2500 (3/4 ton) has 8800 GVWR and weights 4000 lbs giving me 2 tons payload capacity.

A 1/2 ton that has 7700 GVWR weights 4000 lbs could haul 1.5 tons.

WHere do they get the 1/2, 3/4 ton rating??

hosejockey2002
01-22-2008, 06:18 PM
Today they mean nothing at all. Back in the day (50+ years ago) those monikers corresponded with the actual payloads of the trucks. Today they roughly correlate with 150/1500, 250/2500, 350/3500 series. But those numbers by themselves can be misleading as well. Bottom line, you have to look at 1) the GVWR of the truck, and 2) the empty weight of the truck. Subtract empty weight from GVWR and you have payload. It can vary drastically with the brand, engine type and body configuration of the truck. For example, before I added my dump insert my truck (2wd, gas, regular cab)weighed 5300 lbs on the scale. It's GVWR is 9200, so it has a payload of 3900. My BIL's Dodge 2500 (4WD, diesel, 4-door) has a GVWR of 8800 but weighs around 7000 pounds so only has a payload of 1800. Both "3/4 ton" trucks, but with drastically different payload ratings. This is why those 1/2,3/4, 1 ton labels mean virtually nothing.

Oh, and you may want to scale your Chevy to get it's actual weight. I guarantee it's more than 4,000 lbs. My old Ford Explorer weighs more than that. My '84 7200 GVWR C20 weighed 4400.

GravelyNut
01-23-2008, 02:34 PM
Today they mean nothing at all. Back in the day (50+ years ago) those monikers corresponded with the actual payloads of the trucks. Today they roughly correlate with 150/1500, 250/2500, 350/3500 series. But those numbers by themselves can be misleading as well. Bottom line, you have to look at 1) the GVWR of the truck, and 2) the empty weight of the truck. Subtract empty weight from GVWR and you have payload. It can vary drastically with the brand, engine type and body configuration of the truck. For example, before I added my dump insert my truck (2wd, gas, regular cab)weighed 5300 lbs on the scale. It's GVWR is 9200, so it has a payload of 3900. My BIL's Dodge 2500 (4WD, diesel, 4-door) has a GVWR of 8800 but weighs around 7000 pounds so only has a payload of 1800. Both "3/4 ton" trucks, but with drastically different payload ratings. This is why those 1/2,3/4, 1 ton labels mean virtually nothing.

Oh, and you may want to scale your Chevy to get it's actual weight. I guarantee it's more than 4,000 lbs. My old Ford Explorer weighs more than that. My '84 7200 GVWR C20 weighed 4400. I'd expect his to weigh closer to 5000. My 01 3500 tips the scales at about 7k with a GVWR of 11,400.

zz4guy
01-23-2008, 02:38 PM
I'd expect his to weigh closer to 5000. My 01 3500 tips the scales at about 7k with a GVWR of 11,400.

The DOT Tag says 4400 lbs.