Full timers vs. Part timers....

Discussion in 'Lawn Mowing' started by gogetter, Dec 22, 2002.

  1. gogetter

    gogetter Banned
    Posts: 3,256

    I've always planned to grow my business to the point where I would have a few employees as opposed to being solo.

    I've been thinking about an alternative way to go about setting up a crew (or 2), and wanted to hear your thoughts.

    Generally one starts off working full time and then when the workload dictates, they hire a FT helper. Then at some point the workload increases and they hire another FT employee, and so on.

    But then you always hear all the horror stories about workers not showing up, being undependable, etc. Well considering that this is hard, hot, dirty, work and that it's only seasonal at that, I can understand why many employees don't stick around. At some point they question what they'll do for the winter and go get a year round job.
    I personally wouldn't want to be out there in 95 degree heat doing this 8-10 hours a day for $10-12/hr either.

    And besides, say you take on enough work to keep you and a helper busy 40 hours a week. Then one day he doesn't show up, you call, he says "oh, I found another job". You're screwed! You now have to do the work of 2 people while trying to get a help wanted ad in the paper, take calls from ad, and conduct interviews and hire somone. There's only so many hours in the day!

    So, on to my idea. I was thinking about using part time employees. In other words, instead of having a crew consisting of 2 full time employees out there working 8 hours a day, I would have 4 part timers. Two guys working from say 8am to 12pm, then the next two guys working from say 1pm to 5pm. From noon to 1:00 the blades could be sharpened, everything refueled, etc.

    The advantage is that being that it's only part time, I imagine the guys sticking around all season. Maybe they have a full time night job, maybe they are in school/college. Whatever thier reason, I just think I'd have a better chance of them sticking around. Besides how many part time jobs pay $10-12 hr? Not too many. That's good money for a PT job, but only decent money for a FT job. Also a PT'er may not have as much of a problem with the fact that it's seasonal.

    Another advantage I see is if someone calls out or even quits, I have 3 other guys to take up the slack until I can get another guy.

    Yet another advantage would be if the occasional large job comes up I have the possibility of having more men available to knock the job out.

    A down side that I can foresee could be a problem with 2 sets of 2 guys using the same truck & equipment. And supervising 4 guys instead of just 2.

    However, in the beginning, I would be one of the PTer's on one of the crews (probably the early crew). I would then be the one to do maintenance on equip between 'shifts'. This would also allow me time to RUN the business rather then always WORKING IN the business.

    So thoughts? There's more I want to add to this, but it's running long as it is. Hopefully there can be a discussion going back and forth to get more of the details out there.
    Anyone doing it this way, or know someone who does?
     
  2. We do 4 U

    We do 4 U LawnSite Member
    Posts: 183

    I am a solo part timmer but have done this work as an employee part time. the biggest thing about part time employee, in my exp., is the turn over rate will be higher thus more training and sloppy work at the begining. Why? Becuase a part time employee most of the time doesn't need the job as bad as a full timer because they will genrally have a full time job. So, they will be more likely to leave when the work gets tough or if thay just had it and a lot of times you won't even get 2 weeks notice.
     
  3. Randy Scott

    Randy Scott LawnSite Bronze Member
    Posts: 1,915

    Twice as much babysitting, twice the amount of attitudes, twice the amount of abuse on equipment,twice the amount of paperwork for employees, twice the amount of workmans comp insurance (it's per employeee in WI.), twice the amount of headaches in general. MY opinion.

    Although on the other hand, you may have more refreshed workers. They may be more stoked to do their part-time job and therefore work more aggressively. I know alot of people do this because they like being outdoors. Using their hands.
    Then again, it does take a little time to get rolling and into the working groove and then by that time they would be done for the day.
    Alot of back and forth opinions on this situation.

    It may work for some so I would hate to rule the theory out. I guess to sum up my thoughts, I personally wouldn't be comfortable with it for alot of these and other reasons.
     
  4. GroundKprs

    GroundKprs LawnSite Bronze Member
    Posts: 1,969

    Just need some time to get situated.

    Do you have factories with night shifts in your area? I know a good green industry business that only employs part timers, mostly night shift or 2nd shift workers. Some of L's guys have been with him for 10 years - from back when he started to run like this. You can find dependable people, who like to work outdoors and like a few extra bucks.

    And you can pay these people more than the going rate. Once you are established with unemployment insurance, you will be paying a very low rate, because this type will never need to make claims - unempl ins rates are determined by experience. And they have all the benefits they need in the main job: no need to pay benefits => higher hourly rate.
     
  5. bubble boy

    bubble boy LawnSite Bronze Member
    Posts: 1,020

    the down time will kill you . easiliy you'll lose 10 hrs a week, and that doesn't include inefficiencies.

    when i worked for an lco we sometimes had half days. never got going until 10 or so. done at 1, just as we were getting going...
     
  6. landscaper3

    landscaper3 LawnSite Bronze Member
    Posts: 1,354

    I started part time years ago, mowing after my 6am to 2pm job for 11 plus years. Mowing for 1/2 that time. I was injured at that job so they laid me off and thats when I decided to come up with a business plan! I though where do I want to be in 1year and so on. I know after 3years have 4 full time employees and 2-3 part timers. I dont make alot of money but I was told years ago you do something you love you are the richest person! Most of our employees are yearly salary do to our snow removal season. They get 2 weeks vacation, sick days are encouraged to stay home in summer but must work in winter if it snows. Use of company equipment for themselves or family matters, Off company time. It took me a good solid three years to get the employees I have and I will do ALMOST! anything to keep them. They are so good I can spend 1/2 the week doing estimates ir what ever and absolute NO WORRY'S! I could take off a month and it would run just fine. So you have to weed out many employees till you find the one who takes pride in there work and try very hard to help the business grow. We take our employees to trade show and seminars whenever possible. The take great intrest in My company and the industry and thats the kind you want. (part timers are alright but most dont really care about your company and just there for a check) I found retired 50's people are the best part timers, find postal workers, mill workers and other trademan and youll find good part timers.
     
  7. gogetter

    gogetter Banned
    Posts: 3,256

    Thanks for the replies so far. Much appreciated.

    Bubbleboy, can you expand on what you mean about the down time and losing at least 10 hours a week. Not sure I follow what you mean. Thanks.

    An Example of what I DON'T want to happen to me. My nephew was hired by a landscaper last year who had 2 emloyees and one quit. That left the guy in a real bind, so he hired my nephew on the phone! No application, no interview, nothing. My nephew didn't even have experience. The guy just asked him if he could "start tomorrow?". Then met him in a parking lot in the morning. Of course my screwball nephew only lasted about 2 weeks because he could't handle the 10-11 hour days.

    A larger company with say 6 or more FT employees can handle it better when one guy quits. There's still 5 guys to take up the workload until a new person is hired. But a small company with one or two employees can really have a problem on their hands if someone quits without notice (or even goes out on a lengthy workmans comp claim).

    My thinking is that with 4-6 part time employees, you're covered if someone leaves. And even then you only have to cover a 4 hour 'shift'.

    Some (certainly not all) of the problems that Randy mentioned can be reduced with proper hiring methods. Screening the applicants rather then hiring the first guy to show up.
    Equipment abuse can be handled by putting some SOP's (Standard Operating Procedures) in place and making employees accountable.

    Oh well, just some thoughts. Keep the input coming. I appreciate it.
     
  8. bubble boy

    bubble boy LawnSite Bronze Member
    Posts: 1,020

    including drive time, the changeover period, and then driving out again. i bet it would end up costing you two hours a day.

    remember its hard enough to develop routes that make efficient use of time, like a circle. you start near the shop, midday youre furthest from the shop, and afternoon you work your way back.

    but with double the shifts, you now need 10 mini routes per crew instead of five regular routes.

    we have routes that are quite spread out, so if i went to such a plan drive time would kill me.

    and 6 bad PT employees is worse than 3 bad full time employees, IMO. i guess either way you're screwed.

    also, i think it would make it easier for some marginal employees to slack. the ones that are good guys and work hard but to them it is still work. the might feel guilty blowing you off for a whole day. but a half they might figure why not. or how about this: i can't make it in for the morning shift, i'll be there for 1PM. now you have a solo crew and a three man.

    just some thoughts, i will admit i am speculating never seen the situation in action.
     
  9. gogetter

    gogetter Banned
    Posts: 3,256

    Bubbleboy thanks for the feedback.
    I can address the first part about wasted drive time. My lawns are pretty close together and pretty close to my home. I think the farthest is less then 4 miles out. Most are under 3 miles.
    I think it would cost me less then an hour, maybe 45 minutes for the turnaround time of one crew coming in and the second crew going out. Assuming all goes smoothly and everyone is on time. That could be a big assumption.

    However with 4 hour 'shifts', no lunch breaks. So it sorta works out.

    Again, right now it's just thinking out loud. Thanks again.
     
  10. LAWNS AND MOWER

    LAWNS AND MOWER LawnSite Bronze Member
    Posts: 1,129

    Very good thread. When I had employee's, keeping the good ones was a challenge as Randy mentioned. I was lucky and kept one employee for 9 years until I decided to go solo. Treated him very well. Great worker. Business expanded and I needed another worker. I landed this one guy who had 3 roommates. I could count on his roommates if I got in a bind. Were all in college, so I had to be flexible. Odds are, when I needed help, one of the 4 was ready to go. Turnover could be an issue. Most employees willing to sweat it out in our industry would rather go 8 hrs as opposed to 4hrs a day. They need the $$$ Simple as that. If you live in a college town, than you'll have a good pool of willing part-timers. Now that I'm solo, I've reached the point that unless I get part-time help, I will be unable to take on any more work. I've been battling this for 2 years. Hire help or not? Maybe I'm too stubborn, and think I can do it all myself. My heart says yes, my body is beginning to say no. Good luck!!!
     

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