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Keep blowing fuse

Discussion in 'Landscape Lighting' started by lindhdg, Jun 1, 2005.

  1. lindhdg

    lindhdg LawnSite Member
    Posts: 11

    Any help would be appreciated. I installed a 600w transformer (2-300W circuits). On first circuit I have ~200w of lights, 6-20w spots, 3-17w path lights on a run of around 200 ft. On the second circuit I have 1-20w spot and 2-15w path lights on a run of about 100 ft. I have it set to go on at dusk. About 3-4 times a week when the lights kick on the breaker goes (25 amp breaker). It runs fine once I kick it back on. It just seems to be the initial switching on that causes a problem. I'm plugged into a ground fault switch and have the transformer mounted indoors. If I calculated correctly I should only be drawing about 2 amps. Any ideas? This installation is at my home and I'm not a lighting contractor, hopefully I posted in the right area. Thanks
     
  2. NY Landscape Lighting

    NY Landscape Lighting LawnSite Member
    Posts: 121

    A 25 amp breaker is good. however are you sure nothing else in house is on the same breaker ie: garage or basement lights or outlets.You may have something else running on that breaker and when the outdoor lights come on it then trips. Days when it doesn't trip, perhaps the other items on that breaker aren't turned on.
     
  3. lindhdg

    lindhdg LawnSite Member
    Posts: 11

    I also have my water softner on the same circuit. It should not be drawing electricity at dusk but I can try and reinstall the transformer so it is on its own circuit to rule this out. Thanks for the reply.
     
  4. NY Landscape Lighting

    NY Landscape Lighting LawnSite Member
    Posts: 121

    we have our elecrician run the GFI outlet on its own breaker to avoid any problems like this. Hope this works for you.
     
  5. YardPro

    YardPro LawnSite Gold Member
    Posts: 3,564

    check to see if that same circut is not tied into the bathroom circut, etc...

    also............ sounds to me like you're pushing about 18 amps

    watts/volts=amps
    235/13=18.07 amps
     
  6. lindhdg

    lindhdg LawnSite Member
    Posts: 11

    Thanks - it looks like I need to put this on its own circuit. You are also correct about the amps. Thanks for all the help. I'll let you know how things work out.
     
  7. Mike & Lucia

    Mike & Lucia LawnSite Member
    Posts: 66

    Folks,
    There a plenty of reasons why this may be happening, and I agree that the problem is most likely on the line voltage side of the transformer. However, the amperage calculation offered that indicates 18a is wrong.

    Each 300 watt circuit on the low voltage side is good for 25 amps, as measured on the secondary leads, which run from the transformer to the lights. If the power box is equipped with secondary breakers, you don't mention the manufacturer, they would trip first if you were pulling too much power on one of the runs. Even with voltage drop in the wires, you are not even close to overload.

    Run #1 is 171w/12v=14.25A
    Run #2 is 50w/12v=4.17A
    Total on the primary side is 221w/120v=1.84A

    When actual readings are taken with an amperage tester you will read a bit higher due to the wire. Assuming you are using at least a 12 guage wire, your problem is not here.

    Check your water softener, again. Check the breaker itself. Is the wiring from the breaker to the outlet capable of a 25a breaker? Investigate further, and I'm sure you'll find the problem on the high-side of the transformer.
     
  8. xcopterdoc

    xcopterdoc LawnSite Senior Member
    Posts: 752

    When a transformer is first energized you get what is called "in rush". Basically its reverse current. It will spike the amperage on the circuit and may trip the breaker. Once the transformer is energized, then shutoff for a second or two and then re-energized, in rush is not a factor, as the transformer will hold some energy in its coils. Put an amp clamp on the breaker and see what is actually being drawn during start up.
     
  9. n2h20

    n2h20 LawnSite Senior Member
    Posts: 503

    210 watts of lights pulls around 18 amps? that just doesnt seem right.. am i missing something?
     
  10. Eddie B

    Eddie B LawnSite Senior Member
    from gone
    Posts: 859

    Try switching the breakers or replace the one that keeps tripping. It could simply be a bad breaker.

    Electricity can do funny things, we once had a problem where our garage door opener would trip whenever we used the microwave, and they were on completely different circuits. A breaker swap did the trick.
     

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