farm pond

Discussion in 'Water Features' started by pgr, Jan 29, 2005.

  1. pgr

    pgr LawnSite Member
    from vermont
    Messages: 1

    i would like to build an half acre farm pond in an old farming field. i do not know where to start. i need help. thank you
  2. JB1

    JB1 LawnSite Fanatic
    Messages: 5,904

    Check with a local excavator business.
  3. CNE

    CNE LawnSite Member
    Messages: 238

    First you dig a hole, then....
    I couldn't resist that one. I don't have a clue.
  4. olderthandirt

    olderthandirt LawnSite Platinum Member
    from here
    Messages: 4,899

    First thing is to run a perk test or drill some test holes to see whether the ground will hold water or not. You don't want a 1/2 acre hole that won't hold water becouse of the wrong kind of soil.

  5. Grandview

    Grandview LawnSite Gold Member
    from WI
    Messages: 3,251

    I built a 130 x 170 pond. You definitely want to know what you have for soil. A local excavator is going to be a good source. Also most counties have soil maps that would indicate how well a pond would hold water. The soil on my property does not hold water so I needed a liner. I knew that before I started digging. You also have to consider how water is going to get into the pond. Will enough water naturally drain into. I tiled my house and shed down spouts into my pond. That keeps it full. Would you control all the runoff into the pond? You do not want a neighbors farm field running into your pond and filling it.
  6. Teiman

    Teiman LawnSite Member
    Messages: 103

    I have built three ponds on three of my properties
    One is about 2 acres. I always start with the county
    soil and water conservation office. They will work with
    geographical soil maps and then if it looks promising, They will
    meet you at the site, you provide the back hoe or track hoe, You dig
    a test hole while they observe the samples. Our office will even
    design the pond, print drawings and all for free. I design my
    own because they are usually very conservative with depth
    and bank slope because of their liability. I prefer deeper
    water and steeper banks than they reccomend.

    Hire a pro, with a heavy dozer. (highway size) it wont work if you rent a bobcat. You wont get the compaction you need.

    Hope this helps
  7. Fishwhiz

    Fishwhiz LawnSite Member
    from Oregon
    Messages: 112

    It helps to start with your farm pond goals since there is a wide range farm pond construction techniques to satisfy your goals. If you simply want to store water, find the local contractor who has the best reputation for sealing a pond. You might be surprised how little most of them know about sealing a farm pond . If you are interested in more elaborate farm pond landscaping , you might want to find someone in the biological field who knows their way around farm ponds .

    The NRCS may still provide some inital support, but they aren't as well funded as in the past. You also need to realize their goal is to trap sediments with "your" pond. This shortens the life of the pond significantly. They are still a good place to start to evaluate soils.
  8. loupiscopolandscaping

    loupiscopolandscaping LawnSite Senior Member
    Messages: 320

    I hear from local farms that have farm ponds that they had to re-enforce the pond bottom with layers of stone and clay with HEAVY compaction. it makes sense but ive never done it before
  9. chathamvahere

    chathamvahere LawnSite Member
    Messages: 67

    If you can find a spring (hopefully in a lower zone) on the property that will be your best bet, a spring fed pond is the best, it promotes ecology in your pond, keeps the water level stable, and acts kinda like aeration, yes I built many ponds, hope this helps.
  10. gene gls

    gene gls LawnSite Gold Member
    Messages: 3,213

    I read somewhere a few years ago that there is some type of spray material ( chemical) that you can apply to the bottom of a dry hole that will seal the dirt somehow to create a pond. It is used by the ranchers out west to create watering holes for thier livestock.

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