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rose bushes

Discussion in 'Landscape Architecture and Design' started by brinlee lawn, Jan 14, 2006.

  1. brinlee lawn

    brinlee lawn LawnSite Senior Member
    Messages: 273

    I am bidding on a commercial account, that has rose bushes. I have never dealt with rose bushes, in the bid packet it states they want them trimmed back and fertilized once a year. I am in northeast OK. and the contract date will be from March 1 - October 31. When would be the best time to trim and fertilize? It looks like in the past they have just been trimmed back to the stump, is this the correct way or not?
  2. Grassmechanic

    Grassmechanic LawnSite Silver Member
    Messages: 2,697

    Generally, roses are pruned back hard in the spring, depending on the type, then fertilized in the spring. Do not trim back roses in the fall.
  3. sheshovel

    sheshovel LawnSite Fanatic
    Messages: 5,112

    You need to find out what kind of roses they are different types are pruned differently and NO none are taken back to the stump.You need to prune back to where there are several dormant buds on each stem,remove any dead or dieing or diseased wood and any weak stems.keep them fairly open in the center.You want to always prune to an outside bud facing the way you want that branch or stem to grow.You don't cut too far nor to near the bud you are cutting to.And make your cuts cleanly and correctly angled with a sharp clean tool.
    You want to disinfect your nippers in between shrubs .
    You need to LOOK for the dormant buds if you cut past them you have no growth buds for the coming year.You shoul do some reading and research on this topic before cutting any Roses
  4. brinlee lawn

    brinlee lawn LawnSite Senior Member
    Messages: 273

    thanks for the reply's, You shoul do some reading and research on this topic before cutting any Roses, thats is why I asked here.
  5. Coffeecraver

    Coffeecraver LawnSite Senior Member
    from VA.
    Messages: 793

    Pruning roses in our area is done FEB_March
    and AUG_Sept
  6. Gene $immons

    Gene $immons LawnSite Bronze Member
    Messages: 1,028

    Hey Brinlee, here is some info i found.

    [2.6] How do I prune roses?
    There are three main purposes to be accomplished when pruning roses.
    Keep the plant healthy.
    Encourage the plant to grow in a desired shape.
    Encourage blooming, either more blooms or larger blooms.
    The proper tool for most pruning is a sharp clean set of bypass pruners. Anvil pruners should not be used for roses as they crush the stem being cut. A saw or lopping shears may be used to cut very large canes (1/2 inch diameter or greater) All pruning cuts on canes greater than 1/4 inch diameter should be sealed with nail polish or glue to prevent cane borers from entering.

    Proper pruning will help keep a rose bush healthy. Dead and diseased wood should be removed as soon as possible to prevent further damage to the bush.

    The future shape of the bush can be influenced by the location of each pruning cut. Opening up the bush to increase air circulation will help prevent diseases. Since rose bushes like to send out a strong lateral cane at the node just below a pruning cut, try to make pruning cuts about 1/4 inch above an "outward" facing leaf bud. By doing this and removing plant material from the center of the bush you will create a more open vase-shaped plant less susceptible to disease. Whenever two canes cross each other, one can be removed.

    Roses can be encouraged to bloom better if thin, weak and non-productive wood is removed to allow the plant to concentrate its blooming on the larger healthier canes. Generally with Hybrid Teas any cane thinner than a pencil should be removed. Plants may be pruned hard to encourage larger blooms but fewer blooms (commonly done with Hybrid Teas.) Or the plant may be pruned lightly and allowed to grow larger and produce more flowers that are smaller (commonly done with some shrub roses.) Prune first year plants only lightly to allow them to concentrate on establishing a strong root system.

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