For a while, I've been working part time for a landscape company in Medford that seems to do mainly "production work" - construction site stuff. My second day working, I just about freaked when they planted trees - or, asked me to help them plant trees. They wrap root panels in a circle around the tree. Yes, the box shows that option, but the City of Medford REQUIRES (not suggests) that the root panels run along and parallel to the sidewalk and curb, leaving plenty of room for root growth. Good for the City of Medford. The encircling panel method would be like planting the trees and leaving them in the pot. Not only did this company put the panels in circles, the circles were so small that the trees were almost shoe-horned in - barely enough room to squeeze soil in. And oddly, they add mycorrhizae to help the trees. They really want to plant right, but don't understand trees or soil. There's a missing piece still - they filled the bottom of the holes with several inches of rock. Yes, that's right. Nowhere for the roots to grow sideways, and nowhere to grow down. Maybe a few little roots can squeeze in the cracks, but which one of you would like to plant your plants in rocks? The company management believes the rock will help drainage. If there was water in the hole before, and it could not drain away, how would adding solid rock matter help at all if there is no drain line to transfer the water? As you may have noted in my other posts, there is no horticulture program at the college here. There was one once, but lack of interest apparently caused it to go by the way side. At this rather large landscape company, one thing stood out. Pride in work, but no love for the profession. The workers do like the lawns to look green, the plants to be where the plan says, etc.. So from one angle - that one -the workers take pride in work. But they don't read about plants, trees or soil. They barely garden on the side. None except maybe one, expressed any interest in educational courses or programs. It's basically just a job. It's like a dead end road. What are they going to do, stay there as foreman making $14 per hour until they are 50 years old? In Portland area, I didn't see much of this kind of thing. Most guys and gals that hung around for a few years were really interested in their work, they loved landscaping, turf, trees, shrubs. It was a special thing to them.